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Wednesday, 4 April 2018

International Chernobyl disaster remembrance day


International Chernobyl disaster remembrance day

International Chernobyl disaster remembrance day

     
WHEN IS INTERNATIONAL CHERNOBYL DISASTER REMEMBRANCE DAY
Every year on April 26 is observed as the international Chernobyl disaster remembrance day,(ICDRD) to rise Global Awareness of the consequences of the explosion of nuclear power plant and the risk of nuclear energy in general. The day marks an explosion from a reactor in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in today's Ukraine,  which spread a radioactive cloud over a large area. Due to this explosion, nearly 8.4 million people in the three countries( Belarus, Ukraine and Russian Federation) were exposed to the radiation.
In 1990, International assistance against the explosion at Chernobyl nuclear power plant was acknowledged by Soviet government, following that the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution for international cooperation to address and mitigate the consequences at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
And this lead to the beginning of the United Nations involvement in the Chernobyl recovery and they created the Chernobyl trust fund as well.
The day was first observed in 2016, on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the 1986 nuclear disaster.And by 8th December 2016 the United Nations General Assembly designated 26th  April as international Chernobyl disaster remembrance day.

HOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE DIED IN THE CHERNOBYL DISASTER?
Two people are died instantly at the explosion site and 29 other peoples have died in hospital later. Even though the accident itself cost a relatively small number of casualties at that time, it's long term effects are extensive and will continue for many future generations. Nearly 8.4 million people in the three countries( Belarus, Ukraine and Russian Federation) were exposed to the radiation.

WHAT DISEASES WERE CAUSED BY CHERNOBYL?
Some of its After Effects are sharp increase of thyroid cancer among children in Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia.

WHAT CAUSED THE CHERNOBYL DISASTER ?
 It was  the result of a flawed reactor design which was operated by an  inadequately trained personnel.It was the 4th reactor which exploded.

IS IT SAFE TO GO TO CHERNOBYL?
Soon after  reactor of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant exploded, the residents of Pripyat and Chernobyl were urgently evacuated, hoping to return home someday. Unfortunately, this never happened due to the terrible consequences of the radioactive contamination and the 30 km area around the powerplant became an exclusion zone, where no one is allowed to settle.
However, the, after many measures that have been taken to reduce the level of radiation on the contaminated areas and the natural process of cleaning, the visitors now have the possibility to explore the abandoned grounds of Pripyat and Chernobyl.

IS THE CHERNOBYL PLANT STILL OPERATING?

Unit 2 shut down in 1991, unit 1 in 1996 and unit 3 in 2000. Work could soon start on decommissioning units 1 to 3 of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine after a project to put the units into care and maintenance was approved by a state review authority.
    For the period between 2028 and 2046, the most contaminated equipment will be removed from the units, while the reactors themselves will be dismantled between 2046 and 2064.
   The decommissioning of units 1-3 is being carried out separately from that of the destroyed unit 4, which is expected to take many years longer to complete.

ELEPHANT’S FOOT OF CHERNOBYL
The fuel from the reactor melted and mixed with concrete, sand, and core sealing material in the basement under Reactor 4’s core, eventually forming this solid mass referred to as the Elephant’s Foot. The radiation level on the Elephant’s Foot in 1986 was 10,000 roentgens per hour. This makes the Elephant’s Foot the most dangerous piece of waste in the world.
The Elephant's Foot of the Chernobyl disaster, 1986
                            
HOW LONG WILL IT TAKE FOR CHERNOBYL TO RETURN TO NORMAL?
The area won't be safe for human habitation for at least 20,000 years.


International Chernobyl disaster remembrance day


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